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Data Collections


Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Census & Voter Lists
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Maine, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1800-1890221,829
Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790: Maine106
Smocks in the censuses, 1790-184032
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Birth, Marriage & Death
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U.S., Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Swedish American Church Records, 1800-19473,655,098
Maine, Birth Records, 1715-19222,166,136
Maine, Marriage Index, 1892-19961,714,256
Maine, Marriage Records, 1713-19221,332,469
Maine, Death Records, 1761-19221,287,277
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Military
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U.S., Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-193912,889,432
Maine, Military Index, 1917-192036,325
Maine, Compiled Military Records, 1812-18658,268
Maine, Revolutionary War Land Grants, 1776-17802,112
Maine, War of 1812 VeteransFree1,892
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Immigration & Emigration
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U.S. Naturalization Record Indexes, 1791-1992 (Indexed in World Archives Project)Free5,823,338
U.S., Index to Alien Arrivals at Canadian Atlantic and Pacific Seaports, 1904-19444,355,887
Maine, Federal Naturalization Records, 1787-1991172,270
New England, The Great Migration and The Great Migration Begins, 1620-163562,840
Web: US, New England Seamen's Protection Certificate Index, 1796-1871Free29,384
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Newspapers & Periodicals
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Massachusetts, Marriage Index, 1784-184031,687
Genealogical Advertiser: A quarterly Magazine of Family History, Vol. I-415,616
Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder, Vol. IX391
Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder, Vol. IV316
Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder, Vol. III301
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Pictures
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There are no Pictures collections unique to Maine
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Directories & Member Lists
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New England, Select United Methodist Church Records, 1787-1922374,894
Maine City Directories170,315
Web: US, New England Seamen's Protection Certificate Index, 1796-1871Free29,384
Obituary record of the graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine for the decade ending 1 June 1909510
The Maine register and business directory for the year 1856360
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Court, Land, Wills & Financial
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Maine, Wills and Probate Records, 1584-1999209,777
Maine Court Records, 1696-185455,254
Mayflower Deeds and Probates, 1600-1850Free18,601
Maine, Revolutionary War Land Grants, 1776-17802,112
Maine, Revolutionary War Bounty Applications, 1835-1836983
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Reference
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A bibliography of the state of Maine1,416
A gazetteer of the state of Maine630
A biographical dictionary520
Biographical encyclopedia of Maine of the nineteenth century484
The government of Maine : its history and administration279
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Maps, Atlases & Gazetteers
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A gazetteer of the state of Maine630
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Data Collections
Sorted by Maine Stories, Memories & Histories
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The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, 1847-2011300,569
New England, The Great Migration and The Great Migration Begins, 1620-163562,840
Maine, Compiled Military Records, 1812-18658,268
Maine pioneer settlements1,973
Thomas Sanford, the emigrant to New England : ancestry, life, and descendants1,700
View all Maine Stories, Memories & Histories (220)

A Genealogical History

Maine in brief

Statehood:  15 March 1820
Capital: Augusta
Largest City: Portland
Counties: 16
State motto: Dirigo (I Lead)
State nickname: Pine Tree State
Neighboring states: New Hampshire


St Ann's By The Sea, Kennebunkport, Maine

Interesting Facts

  • The largest New England state, Maine was part of Massachusetts beginning in the mid-17th century until statehood in 1820.
  • Most of Maine (around 90%) is forestland and it is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River. It is nearly as large as all of the other New England States combined.
  • The “Aroostook War” (which was more of a stand-off than a war) began in 1838 over a boundary dispute with Canada. Canadian loggers from New Brunswick ventured into the disputed land along the Aroostook River and Canadians captured a Maine expedition sent to remove the loggers. Militias from both sides were sent to the border, but it’s rumored that only the only casualty was a pig that wandered into the area from Canada, and a cow that found itself in a similar circumstance. A temporary truce was reached in 1839 and the matter was settled for good in 1842 with the Webster-Ashburton Treaty.




     

Featured Maine Data Collections

Maine, Marriage Records, 1713-19221,332,469
Maine, Faylene Hutton Cemetery Collection, 1780-1990297,429
Maine, J. Gary Nichols Cemetery Collection, ca. 1780-1999181,062
Maine, Nathan Hale Cemetery Collection, 1780-1980356,707
Maine, Veterans Cemetery Records, 1676-191851,543

Famous People

Help and Advice

Resources

Maine Research Notes

Before statehood in 1820, Maine was a part of Massachusetts.  As a result, some records of early Maine may be found in Massachusetts archives.  See the Massachusetts state page for information on available Massachusetts resources.

Maine is included in all U.S. Federal Censuses beginning in 1790.  However, some census records for Maine are incomplete, including York County (1800); Oxford County (1810); and Washington County (1820).  In 1837, a state census was taken, but only the head of household enumerations for Bangor, Portland, and unincorporated areas survive. The Maine Historical Society also holds an original volume enumerating the town of Elliot.

 

Maine Vital Records

By the eighteenth century, over 200 towns were recording the vital events of birth, marriage, and death. They continued reasonably well until Maine became a separate state in 1820.

Following statehood, records were not consistently kept at first, but most towns have good records of marriage intentions and births. After 1864, town clerks forwarded rec0rds births, deaths, and marriages to the secretary of state, though there was not total compliance.  Mandatory reporting was implemented in 1892 when the State Board of Vital Statistics was established.

  • : Holds records of births, marriages, and deaths since 1923.
  • : Holds records of births, marriages and deaths which occurred between 1892 and 1922. (Earlier records may be available from the Town Clerk of the Town where the event occurred.)  Searchable indexes of marriages (1892-1996) and deaths (1960-1996) are available on the Archives website.

 

Maine Research Resources

The organizations listed below provide information about Mainehistory and genealogy. In addition to these state-level resources, many counties and towns maintain important genealogical collections in local libraries, genealogical societies, or historical societies, so check for a local resource when researching.

 

Statewide Research Resources

  • page: This page provides an overview of Maine-based genealogy resources, including contact information for town and county historical societies.
  • : In addition to early vital records, the Archives holds land, military, court, and legislative records.  The related website offers a searchable index of selected records held at the State Archives.
  • ): The Library’s collections include many records of interest to genealogists. The page contains information on available collections.
  • : With a focus on Maine history, MHS’s resources are useful for genealogy research.  In addition to a research library, MHS maintains several online resources, including the , a digital collection of images and historical items.
  • : The Society publishes the journal The Maine Genealogist and holds an annual conference.
  • : This facility maintains records from Federal agencies and courts in Maine, including census, military, court, naturalization, and immigration records.
  • : NEHGS holds a wide range of records on New England states, including Maine.


 

Specialty and Regional Research

  •  : This archive at the University of Maine at Orono holds a collection of oral histories, interviews, and printed materials covering occupations, community histories, Maine lore and legends, and traditional music.
  • : An on-site research library is available by appointment for research on Maine ships, maritime businesses, people, ports, and nautical artifacts.
  • : The Stephen Phillips Memorial Library houses collections in maritime history, mid-coast Maine history, and Maine genealogy.  The Library is open by appointment.